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Data Science vs Data Analytics | The Best Career Choice in 2022

Data Science vs Data Analytics | The Best Career Choice in 2022

Our modern world relies heavily on data, which brings changes in many aspects of business, research & economy. For this reason, there is a huge demand for professionals in data science & data analytics with a job growth of 22% increase(as predicted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics). 

Since both of these fields feature data-driven job roles, it is quite common to get confused between the two. In this case, this read can help you understand the major difference between Data Analytics & Data Science. Further, enabling you to make an informed decision in choosing your career path

In Data Analytics, Who is a Data Analyst?

Firstly, a data analyst collects data, & identifies the trends that further help the business leaders make strategic decisions. Secondly, their job also includes cleaning data, aligning it in a usable format, and deleting irrelevant/unusable data. Also, Data analysts figure out how to deal with the missing data. Above all, they principally perform statistical analyses to help answer questions & solve the problems. As a result, they use tools like SQL to make queries to relational databases.

Roles of a Data Analyst:

  • Data querying by using SQL.
  • Analyses & forecasts the data using Excel.
  • Uses business intelligence software to create dashboards.
  • Performs descriptive, diagnostic, predictive & prescriptive analytics.

Some Common Tools & Technologies used in Data Analytics

  • Relational database software(example: SQL)
  • Statistical software(example: R Studio)
  • Business intelligence tools(example: Datapine)

In Data Science, Who is a Data Scientist?

A data scientist focuses on developing new tools & methods to extract the information the business requires to solve complex problems. And, they create algorithms, predictive models, design various data modeling processes & thus, actively involve themselves in designing the latest tools, data frameworks & automation systems.

In simple words, a data analyst works to make sense out of the existing data, while a data scientist works on innovative ways for capturing and analyzing data, that further can be used by the analysts.

Roles of a Data Scientist:

  • Majorly scrubbing/ cleansing data.
  • Uses APIs & builds ETL pipelines for Data mining.
  • Data cleaning through programming languages like Python/R.
  • Statistical analysis using ML algorithms.
  • Develop & train ML models using tools.
  • Develops big data infrastructures

Some Common Tools & Technologies used in Data Science

  • SAS for performing statistical operations
  • Apache Spark for fast & efficient data processing
  • BigML for processing Machine Learning Algorithms
  • MATLAB for processing mathematical information
  • TensorFlow to develop & train ML models

Typically, a data scientist deals with many other tools to perform data operations.

Interesting Key differences between Data Analyst & Data Scientist:

  1. Data Analysts tend to focus on solving the business problems. While, Data Scientists has an additional responsibility of identifying the problems alongside solving them.
  2. Data Scientists are required to possess strong management & story telling skills to come up with business strategies through their findings. While, Data Analysts are typically not expected to keep the business team about the results & to make key decisions for the business, unlike data scientists. In short, business acumen isn’t required.
  3. Data Scientists deal perform predictive modelling, handle statistical tools & they forecast the future of business. While, Data Analysts don’t have to worry about predictive modelling & their job is limited to statistical analysis. 
  4. Data Scientists will have to be good in building Machine Learning models, tune the data models. On the other hand, Data Analysts are free from building data products.
  5. Data Scientists manage both the structured & non-structured data, i.e, handle SQL & NoSQL. While, Data Analysts are just responsible for retrieving & managing the structured data through SQL queries.

Use cases of Data Science:

  • Advertisement optimization
  • Fraud & Risk detection
  • Sentiment analysis
  • Clickstream analysis
  • Search recommendations
  • Automating risk management

Use cases of Data Analytics:

  • Customer Analysis in 360 degrees
  • Social media Analysis
  • Customer prevention based on churn analysis
  • Market basket analysis
  • Up selling & Cross selling
  • Delivery of personalized customer experience

Other Roles of Data Scientists & Data Analysts:

Various other roles of data domain can be played by data scientists & data analysts according to their skillset. Say, a Data Analyst can also act as a Database Administrator, or even a Statistician.  Comparatively, Data Scientist can play the roles of Big Data Architect, Decision Scientist, Data Engineer, & Data Science Manager.

Salary Details:

Generally, in India, the national average income for a Data Analyst is ₹5,00,000 per annum & the maximum salary can go up to ₹11,00,000 per annum. Next, the national average income for a Data Scientist is ₹10,00,000 per annum & the maximum salary can go up to ₹25,00,000 per annum. 

Conclusion:

Chiefly, coming to the hierarchy in the data industry, a data analyst can begin at an entry-level role, and may continue to learn & sharpen their skills to become a data scientist. That is to say, with the existing skill gaps in the data science domain, even top company recruiters are showing interest in candidates who have undergone rigorous training in boot camps that enables these trainees with relevant industry exposure. To clarify, many aspirants assume that reaching the pinnacle of the data scientist role is a tedious task. Just in case, if you’re targeting to become a data scientist. Online bootcamps with effective learning resources make the training journey easier & upskills the aspirants towards their dream role of a data scientist. You can – Explore the 100% placement guaranteed ZEN Career Program for Data Science on GUVI. This program includes IIT-M certified Python Programming along with the mainstream Data Science.

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Lahari Chandana
Lahari Chandana

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