What is Full-stack Web Development? | Know Everything

Confused with the terms ‘frontend’, ‘backend’, ‘full-stack’ & what technologies they involve? It’s a fact that full-stack developers are in-demand. As according to 38% of hiring managers, the Full-Stack developer role is the #1 position to be filled in 2022. But, what is Full-stack web development? 

Any aspirant who is totally new to the IT & Software field, might not be familiar with this terminology. Alright, let’s unlock everything here in this blog with finer details.

Glimpse of a Full-stack Web Developer

A full-stack developer is versatile professional in multiple technologies, who deals with frontend, backend & database management system as well. Wide range of tech skills & specialization in couple of libraries & frameworks contribute to the huge demand for full-stack developers. So now, let’s now differentiate frontend & backend.

What is Frontend Development?

The visual presentation & arrangement of information on a website is through frontend development. This representation can be different on browsers & mobile screens, which explains the term ‘responsive websites’. Here, websites are developed in such a way that dynamic changes happen to the appearance of the website depending on the size of the screen & the orientation of the device being used to view the website. 

A skilled frontend developer is the one who is proficient in technologies like HTML, CSS & JavaScript at a basic level. Further, can advance in frontend field with trending libaries & frameworks like ReactJS, AngularJS, etc. Such constantly upgrading technologies help a frontend developer to effectively alter the website appearance making it much appealing & efficient.

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In simple words, all that you see on a website, say the positioning, the layout, the color, the font of a text & then images & so on. All of these are the responsibilities are the frontend developer.

Frontend developers are the creators of User Interfaces(UI). Which means, they provide a platform/an interface for the visitors of a website to interact with the website’s business. Modern frontend developers have a strong grip on web design with proficiency in tools like Photoshop & Adobe Illustrator to create impressive graphics & themed layouts.

Further, some additional skillsets like User Experience(UX) design & User Interface(UI) design would improvise the website presentation & effectiveness. And, developers who possess such skills will highlight themselves from regular frontend developers. However, most of the companies are hiring UX & UI designers to focus solely on this aspect of website development.

What is Backend Development?

The functioning of website constitutes to backend development. It is all the behind-the-scenes activity in the web development. The collection of data happens from the website visitors/users, processes & filters back into the website as per the website visitors’ requests. A backend developer uses mostly scripting languages & creates algorithms accordingly with the business logics to manipulate the data from the user interface(frontend). The most popular scripting languages are Python, JavaScript, PHP. Chiefly, Python is the best choice for any beginner to learn backend skills.

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Here, the backend developer not only writes the scripting language’s code in to receive the information from user but also to save such in a storage unit like database. Indeed, databases are classified into two main types: Relational & Non-relational database management systems. 

A relational database is also a ‘Structured database’. Which means the data is in tables format where there’s relationship between the tables & its dependencies. Notably, MySQL & PostgreSQL are the best examples of relational databases.

On the other hand, a non-relational database is in document-oriented fashion. In which, all the information is in the order of a laundry list. MongoDB, Redis & Apache Cassandra are some famous non-relational databases.

Additionally, the next part in backend development after collection information from the user is ‘server management’. Usually, applications host the database & then serve the website. Then again, cloud based platforms that provide the infrastructure are available for effectively managing the servers. Some well used cloud-based platforms are Heroku & AWS(Amazon Web Services). Consequently, server management optimizes the website by addressing the slowness and enables the scalability of website to include more users.

Learn the Top 5 Programming Languages For Web Development In 2022

Why Full-stack developers are in-demand?

Now, if web development is streamlined into frontend & backend development, why would anyone choose to become a full-fledged full-stack developer? It is because any organization would consider a full-stack developer as a valuable resource in their development team for being versatile in many technologies & comes handy to troubleshoot the flaws in business application. 

In other words, they’d always recruit a one all-rounder developer who can instantly assess & analyse how a website should improve in terms of look, experience & data manipulation. The very same developer will understand the technical limitations in building the website for better performance & effectiveness. Hence, such a full-stack web developer is always a crucial resource in the development team of any organization.

The entire IT industry seeks for candidates who can build and manage databases as it is considered as the cutting-edge skill.

With added practice on coding platforms, one can master the full-fledged programming skills that’s required for full stack development. With a guided mentorship, hands-on project experience, GitHub projects, & well-groomed skill profile, You can become a Full-stack developer just in 90 days!

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